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What are the different categories of Special Educational Needs?

At Herringthorpe Infant School, we embrace the fact that every child is different, and therefore, the educational needs of every child is different. This is certainly the case for children with Special Educational Needs. We are happy to make provision for any kind of SEND and will make any reasonable adjustments possible to include pupils and parents in our school.


The categories of need are outlined in the SEND Code of practice and are as follows:


Communicating and interacting – for example, where children and young people have speech, language and communication difficulties which make it difficult for them to make sense of language or to understand how to communicate effectively and appropriately with others.


Cognition and learning – for example, where children and young people learn at a slower pace than other children of their age, have difficulty in understanding parts of the curriculum, have difficulties with organisation and memory skills, or have a specific difficulty affecting one particular part of their learning performance such as in English or Maths.


Social, emotional and mental health difficulties – for example, where children and young people have difficulty in managing their relationships with other people, are withdrawn, or if they behave in ways that may hinder their and other children’s learning, or that have an impact on their health and well-being.


Sensory and/or physical needs – for example, children and young people with visual and/or hearing impairments, or a physical need that means they must have additional ongoing support and equipment.

Some children with SEND may have needs in more than one of these areas. We currently provide for a number of children with complex physical and medical needs as well as making provision for Autism and other Specific Learning Disabilities.